THE MARBURY FAMILY
My direct descendants are in bold type.
This is a work in progress. Much of my direct line is documented, but some may not be. If there is a question, I usually include words like "seems likely" or "possibly" in hopes that it may help someone else or eventually get me closer to documentation. Also, I do make errors when transferring info to my files or to the site. If you find errors that you can correct, please e-mail me and I'll gladly make the changes or if you have more information on anyone mentioned here and can share it, I would be really appreciative.
Francis Marbury was born around 1663 in Cheshire, England. His father was also named Francis and his grandfather was Euscbius. They were descendants of Alfred the Great as well as several of the kings and queens of England and Scotland. You can some of their lineage on the Haywood County Line blog.
Francis immigrated to Maryland from England about 1680 and by 1690 had settled in Prince George's County near Piscataway.
According to "The Invincible a Magazine of History," Piscataway was the headquarters or capital of the Piscataway Indians and the colonial people living in the area gave the chief the title of "Emperor of Piscataway." At some point, while Lord Baltimore was the royal governor, a committee was formed to determine if Francis Marbury was encroaching on the Indian emperor's land. Although he was, nothing was done to force him to leave.
Before 1698 Francis had married Mary Greene. She was born 1675 in Port Tobacco, Charles, Maryland and was the daughter of Leonard Green and Ann Clarke. Mary's paternal grandfather was Thomas Greene who was an early settler of the Maryland colony and second Provincial Governor from 1647 to 1648. He had come over from England on the Ark and Dove expedition in 1634. During his lifetime he was a successful planter and held over 14,000 acres of land in St. Mary's County. He was a descendant of the illegitimate child of Sir John Norton of Northwood, Sir Thomas Norton who took on the alias Greene; hence the descendants surname of Greene.
Thomas' godfather was Leonard Calvart, the first Governor of Maryland.
When the first government of Prince George's County was organized in 1696, Francis Marbury was appointed constable of the Piscataway Hundred (one of the six divisions of the original County.
Then, a few years later, when the first justices of the county court were appointed, he was named to this highly respected position and served there for more than 25 years.
Mary died on Sept 11, 1713 after giving birth to her daughter, also named Mary.
A little over a year later, on Sept 14, 1714, he married Frances Heard at St. John's Episcopal Church which was established in 1692 as one of the first Churches in Maryland. George Washington attended services at the church.
Francis Marbury died Jan 11, 1734 in Marbury’s Chance, Prince George's Co, Maryland, USA. He and both wives are likely buried at St. John’s.
By the end of his life he had been a Tobacco Inspector for the Piscataway district, a Land Commissioner for Prince George’s County, and a judge if Survey in Charles County. He left many thousands of acres of land to his children. Source
Among the items left to his children by Francis Marbury were:
To Leonard, Negro Tom; 4yds of Broad Cloth; land in Akakeck.
To Susannah, Negro Kate.
To Barbarah (m. Joseph Frazer), nine barrels of Indian corn.
To Mary, Land called "School House," etc.
To Ann, Land called "Mistake."
To Elizabeth (m. Davidson), Dwelling and 99 acres of "Appledore."
To Luke, A copper kettle, etc.
To Lucy, (m. Joseph Hatton), 20 shillings for a ring.
To Tabitha (m. James Hoye), "Tewksbury" and 65 acres of "Applehill."
To his sons, Eusebius, Leonard, Eli, Luke, and William, the residue of "Applehill," also the remainder of his negroes.
"Also my will is what money I shall or now may have in England the same to be applied to my Quit Rents and to no other purpose."
Executors named were his sons, Leonard and Luke.
The children of Francis and Mary Greene Marbury were:
Note: There is a lot of information on this family in books, online and other places and some of it is conflicting. Consider the dates here to be what I can determine at this time.
|Last||First||Born||Location Born||Died||Location Died||Spouse|
|Marbury||Elizabeth "Eliza"||1690s||Prince George's CO., MD||by 1746||John Davidson
m. 5 Feb 1732
d. by 5 Jul 1746
John Davidson was a schoolmaster. Frances left part of the plantation Appledore to Elizabeth.
|Marbury||Barbara||Late 1690s||Prince George's CO., MD||After 1734||Prince George's Co., MD||Daniel Fras(z)er|
b. before 1655
d. 2 May 1745
|Marbury||Lucy||abt. 1694||Prince George's CO., MD||Aug 1750||Prince George's Co., MD||Joseph Hatton|
m. aby. 1741
4 Jan 1764
|Marbury||Eleazer "Eli"||abt 1703||Prince George's CO., MD|
|Marbury||Eusebius||abt 1705||Prince George's CO., MD||1754||Catheine|
|Marbury||Leonard Sr.||31 Jan 1708||Prince George's CO., MD||29 Apr 1794
|Columbia Co., Kiokee, GA||Penelope ?
b .abt 1711
d. after 1739
|Marbury||Luke Sr.||10 Mar 1710||Prince George's CO., MD||Oct 1758||Prince George's CO., MD||Mary Beanes
The children of Luke and Elizabeth Beanes Marbury were Elizabeth, Luke, Williams, and Henrietta.
Upon Francis’ death, Luke Sr. inherited his father’s property on Piscataway Creek and built the plantation called Wyoming. Upon his death, it was given to his son, Luke II also known as Colonel Luke Marbury. Colonel Marbury’s wife, also his first cousin, was Elizabeth Beanes, a sister of Dr. William Beanes, and one of his best friends.
Colonel Luke Marbury commanded the “lower battalion of Prince George’s County Militia” at the beginning of the Revolutionary War. According to the book, "The Patriotic Marylander," his granddaughter, the late Mrs. Dr. Hanson Penn whose maiden name was Jane Contee Marbury, many years later, remembered that Dr. Beanes and Col. Marbury were devoted friends. They both engaged with the Maryland troops at the battle of Long Island and were among the few Maryland men who escaped after that disastrous day. They escaped by “swimming across Long Island.” You can read about Dr. Beanes and the part he played in the creation of The Star Spangled Banner on the Haywood County Line blog.
Colonel Luke Marbury was captured in the Battle of Germantown and imprisoned until 1781. He returned to his home in Prince George’s County where tradition says he was carried through the streets on the shoulders of the crowd.
In the census of 1790 he is listed as head of a family of eight with 25 slaves.
He was a member of the first constitutional convention of Maryland and served as a member of the State Legislature until his death.
|Marbury||Mary||8 Feb 1713||Prince George's CO., MD||1760||Charles CO., MD||Matthew Smallwood
m. abt. 1741
d. 4 Jan 1764
The children of Mary and Matthew Smallwood were Beane, Philip, Priscilla, Francis Green, Martha, Benjamin and James.
Francis Marbury's cildren with his second wife Francis Heard included Martha Ann, Tabitha, Henry, Susanah and Anne.
More about Leonard and Penelope Marbury
Leonard was born in the early 1700s and was likely named after his mother’s father, Leonard Greene. He married Penelope around 1730 but her last name is unknown.
Leonard owned “Marbury’s Chance,” 200 acres that had originally been patented to his father.
On September 16, 1763 there was a court case involving damage of three thousand pounds of crop tobacco against Leonard Marbury. There was a warrant to have Leonard at the county court house to answer the charges but he had left the county.
In 1764 in Loudoun Co., VA, Leonard Marbury was "not found" by the Sheriff. It appears that his father Francis Marbury put up the security.
On September 9, 1766 Leonard Marbury served 20 days in prison in Loudoun Co. Virginia.
Leonard Marbury Sr. died on April 29, 1794 at the home of his son, Captain Horatio Marbury.
Obituary of Leonard Marbury
"Died, on the 29th April, at Capt. Horatio Marbury's home, on the Kiokas, Mr. Lenard Marbury, the elder. aged ninety-three years - He left three sons, three daughters and ninety-six grand, great grand and great great-grandchildren."
Augusta Chronicle, Saturday May 3, 1794, p. 2.
The children of Leonard and Penelope Marbury were:
|Last||First||Born||Location Born||Died||Location Died||Spouse|
|Marbury||Francis||1730||Prince George's CO., MD||abt. 1800||Rowan Co., NC||Tabitha
b. abt. 1735
d. after 1810
|Marbury||Colonel Leonard||1734||Prince George's CO., MD||1796||New Orleans, LA||Ann Sommerville
Leonard served in the Revolutionary War for seven years as a Colonel. He fought in the Georgia Militia at the Siege of Savannah in September and October 1779.
He was present at the Battle of Brier Creek on March 3, 1779 and is mentioned on the Georgia Historic marker at the battlefield.
“On February 28, 1779, General Bryant, left in charge of the American forces, moved the camp up the creek, for security, to near this spot…He ordered Col. Leonard Marbury to take a position at Paris` Mill, 14 miles up the creek… Col. Prevost led the main force of the British army, about 1,500 men, up the west side of Brier Creek…he soon encountered Col. Marbury`s Dragoons, cutting them off from Ashe`s forces. He captured some, while others succeeded in getting safely across Burton`s Ferry.”
The special collections library at Duke University contains papers of Samuel Elbert, which include a letter from Leonard Marbury “discussing the British defeat at Bryan Creek Bridge, Ga.”
March 28 – May 12, 1780, Leonard Marbury led the Georgia Regiment of Horse Rangers as part of the Siege of Charleston.
In a collection in the library of Virginia called “The Mason Family Papers, 1756 – 1891, there are some receipts belonging to Leonard Marbury: “Marbury, Leonard, 1762. Box: 13 Folder: 32 Reel: Miscellaneous Reel 1242 Receipts.”
|Marbury||Thomas||1762||Shelburne Parish, Loudoun Co., VA||1823||Edgefield, SC||Charity|
Thomas served in the Revolutionary War as a private under Col. James McNeil. He and Charity had a daughter named Margaret.
|Marbury||Horatio||1740||1820||Jefferson Co., GA|
Horatio moved to Georgia in the early 1770s, was active in the Revolutionary War, and became a successful planter after the war. Marbury's public career began in 1796 working in the secretary of state's office. In 1799, the legislature elected Marbury as Georgia's second secretary of state -- a post he would hold for twelve years under six different governors. As secretary of state he and William H. Crawford were primarily responsible for producing Georgia's first official digest of laws.
Upon retirement, Marbury returned to his plantation in Jefferson County, where he died in 1820.
More about Francis and Tabitha Marbury
Francis was the first born son of his parents Leonard and Penelope. He was born in Prince George's Co., MD, and was named after his paternal grandfather. About 1750, when he was 20, he married Tabitha. He last name or parentage is unknown.
Like his father and grandfather before him, he held public office and in 1759, Francis Marbury served as constable in Loudoun Co. VA.
On September 23, 1765, the records show Francis Marbury has to pay John Glassford the sum of five pounds, five shillings and eleven pence half penny current money to settle a debt because it appears this is when he moved to North Carolina. It could possibly have been to settle of debt of Leonard Marbury's.
In 1775 he shows up listed on a work crew in Anson Co., NC.
While his brothers Leonard, Thomas and Horatio all served in the Revolutionary War, the records do not reflect any military service for him.
Many years after the war, Francis’ son Leonard testified that he was living with his father in Georgia in 1777 when Leonard participated in several battles so it is known that, at some point, Francs returned to NC.
According to the book “Georgia Land Surveying History and Law” by Faris Cadle, in the early 1780s approximately twelve former officers of the American Revolution forged vouchers to twenty or more made up men, whom they alleged had served in the war and were entitled to bounty grants of land. Accompanying the vouchers were petitions – all in the same handwriting - alleging that these same men had sold their vouchers to the officers. Among the worst culprits who obtained thousands of acres of land illegally were Frances’ brothers Horatio and Leonard Marbury. It appears not to have hurt their careers as Horatio would go on to become secretary of state and assist in producing Georgia's first official digest of laws and Leonard a well-respected "war hero."
Frances Marbury and his wife Tabitha sold lands in Richmond Co., GA in 1786 witnessed by his aunt and uncle, Leonard and Ann Marbury. Source
In the 1790 federal census in Rowan Co., NC a Francis Marbury has a household of 15 which consists of three white males under 16, two white males 16 and over, two free white females and six slaves.
Frances died in 1800 in Rowan Co., NC.
In 1800 Tabitha was head of household age 45 & over and had one male 16 – 26 living in the house with her.
In 1810 she's age 45 & over with 5 slaves. No more records exist on Tabitha so she likely died that decade.
The Likely Children of Francis and Tabitha Marbury Were:
Some information for this chart and the information above was found or confirmed on the Web site of Aletha Summerhill Rogers.
|Last||First||Born||Location Born||Died||Location Died||Spouse|
|Marbury||Leonard||4 Apr 1759||Prince George's CO., MD||24 Jan 1839
|Sevier Co., AR||Mary Rounseval
b. 8 Mar 1760
m. 5 Dec 1780
d. 26 Oct 1843
|Marbury||Eleanor||4 Apr 1759||Prince George's CO., MD||9 Dec 1851
burried: Moriah Cemetery
b. 5 Sep 1761
m. 5 Oct 1786
Eleanor participated in the Revolutionary War patriot by carrying ammunition for coloniel Soldiers. John and Elenor named their son Green.
|Marbury||Tabitha||1765||aft 1840||Stanley Co., NC||Thomas Biles
|Marbury||Luke||5 Oct 1767||28 Dec 1793
||Bedford, TN||Elizabeth Bullen
m. 28 Dec 1793
The children of Luke and Elizabeth were Nancy, John, Isaac, Elizabeth, Frances, Jefferson, Sarah, Mary, Leonard, Martha Jane and Lucas.
Luke testified on behalf of his brother Leonard to support Leonard’s claim to a Revolutionary War pension.
After his wife died, Luke traveled with his children to Bedford Co., TN which is 186 miles from Haywood Co., TN, south of Nashville.
|Marbury||John||1769||bfr 1800||Saphira Nelson
b. abt 1784
d. bfr 1817
d. abt 1836
Ann E. Green
b. abt 1784
m. j Jun 1838
d. aft 1860
|Marbury||Isaac||1774||aft 1820||Rebecca Biles
d. bfr 24 Oct 1797
m. 24 Oct 1897
d. 1830 - 40
|Marbury||Frances Jr.||7 My 1781||NC||bef 1813||Nancy|
|Marbury||Jacob||1775||1846||Henry Co., TN||Nancy Forrest|
More about Leonard and Mary Rounsavall Marbury
Leonard Marbury was born on December 17, 1763 and was the oldest son of his parents Frances and Tabitha Marbury.
He married Mary Rounseval on December 5, 1780 when he was 17 and she was 20. Mary was likely the daughter of Josiah and Sarah Conger Rounsaval. Josiah, who was a sheriff and tax collector, served in the Revolutionary War and was captured on June 21, 1780 at Camden, SC He died later that year in captivity.
According to his pension application and the testimony of his brother Luke and sister Eleanor, Leonard was living with his father in Georgia in 1777 when he enlisted for an 18-month term in The Revolutionary War under his uncle, Colonel Leonard Marbury. One battle Leonard fought in was at The Savannah River at Middleton Ferry when the British came to destroy the property of the Whigs. This was one of the names of the colonists of the British Thirteen United Colonies who rebelled against British control. Leonard’s father, along with many others had fled across the river. Leonard was nearly captured by several of the British buy was rescued by his uncle who showed up with his troop of soldiers on horses. This was witnessed by Leonard’s brother Luke who was about 12 at the time and his sister Eleanor who was 16. She remembered carrying ammunition to the colonial soldiers during the battle.
Leonard also claimed to have volunteered in Rowan County, NC under General Rutherford to fight against Tories at Ramseur’s Mill. However, by the time they arrived, the Tories had already been defeated.
Another term of service was marching as a guard to take British prisoners taken in Camden, SC to where they would be kept in prison.
It seems their father Francis grew tired of the fighting in Georgia and moved his wife and younger children back to North Carolina in 1779.
Eventually, Leonard joined his family in North Carolina first in Rowan County then in Montgomery County and finally in Buncome Co. After about 20 years he moved his family to Warren Co., TN then, in 1829, to Haywood Co., TN. About seven years later, Leonard and Mary moved to Sevier Co., AR along with their son Benjamin and many others.
On December 13, 1832 Leonard Marbury, at age 73, went to a Haywood County, TN courtroom to apply for a pension for his Revolutionary War service. He had creditable witnesses in his brother and sister but was denied pension for failure to furnish proof of service as required by pension laws.
Leonard died Jan. 24, 1839 at age 80. It is thought his wife returned to Tennessee where she died soon after.
The Likely Children of Leonard and Mary Rounsavall Marbury Were: